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selph
发布于 2024-03-02 / 22 阅读
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[libc 2.35 源码学习] IO_FILE 篇 - 相关结构体

简介&前言

FILE 在 Linux 系统的标准 IO 库中是用于描述文件的结构,称为文件流。 FILE 结构在程序执行 fopen 等函数时会进行创建,并分配在堆中。我们常定义一个指向 FILE 结构的指针来接收这个返回值。

libioP.h 的定义:_IO_list_all 全局变量

#include "libioP.h"

#ifdef _IO_MTSAFE_IO
# define DEF_STDFILE(NAME, FD, CHAIN, FLAGS) \
  static _IO_lock_t _IO_stdfile_##FD##_lock = _IO_lock_initializer; \
  static struct _IO_wide_data _IO_wide_data_##FD \
    = { ._wide_vtable = &_IO_wfile_jumps }; \
  struct _IO_FILE_plus NAME \
    = {FILEBUF_LITERAL(CHAIN, FLAGS, FD, &_IO_wide_data_##FD), \
       &_IO_file_jumps};
#else
# define DEF_STDFILE(NAME, FD, CHAIN, FLAGS) \
  static struct _IO_wide_data _IO_wide_data_##FD \
    = { ._wide_vtable = &_IO_wfile_jumps }; \
  struct _IO_FILE_plus NAME \
    = {FILEBUF_LITERAL(CHAIN, FLAGS, FD, &_IO_wide_data_##FD), \
       &_IO_file_jumps};
#endif

DEF_STDFILE(_IO_2_1_stdin_, 0, 0, _IO_NO_WRITES);
DEF_STDFILE(_IO_2_1_stdout_, 1, &_IO_2_1_stdin_, _IO_NO_READS);
DEF_STDFILE(_IO_2_1_stderr_, 2, &_IO_2_1_stdout_, _IO_NO_READS+_IO_UNBUFFERED);

struct _IO_FILE_plus *_IO_list_all = &_IO_2_1_stderr_;
libc_hidden_data_def (_IO_list_all)

libc默认带3个FILE结构:stdin,stdout,stderr

全局变量_IO_list_all指向stderr(链表是:stderr->stdout->stdin),后续创建新的FILE文件流会插入到这后面

stdin,stdout,stderr

stdin是全局变量,指向_IO_2_1_stdin结构体,也就是IO_FILE_plus结构体

#undef stdin
#undef stdout
#undef stderr
FILE *stdin = (FILE *) &_IO_2_1_stdin_;
FILE *stdout = (FILE *) &_IO_2_1_stdout_;
FILE *stderr = (FILE *) &_IO_2_1_stderr_;

这几个全局变量指针没有const属性,所以在内存中是可修改的,如果能修改,就能劫持FILE结构体

_IO_FILE_plus

struct _IO_FILE_plus
{
  FILE file;
  const struct _IO_jump_t *vtable;
};

_IO_FILE

缩写为FILE

/* The opaque type of streams.  This is the definition used elsewhere.  */
typedef struct _IO_FILE FILE;

具体内容如下,最核心的就是一堆缓冲区指针(read,write,buf)和链表指针(_chain)

/* The tag name of this struct is _IO_FILE to preserve historic
   C++ mangled names for functions taking FILE* arguments.
   That name should not be used in new code.  */
struct _IO_FILE
{
  int _flags;		/* High-order word is _IO_MAGIC; rest is flags. */

  /* The following pointers correspond to the C++ streambuf protocol. */
  char *_IO_read_ptr;	/* Current read pointer */
  char *_IO_read_end;	/* End of get area. */
  char *_IO_read_base;	/* Start of putback+get area. */
  char *_IO_write_base;	/* Start of put area. */
  char *_IO_write_ptr;	/* Current put pointer. */
  char *_IO_write_end;	/* End of put area. */
  char *_IO_buf_base;	/* Start of reserve area. */
  char *_IO_buf_end;	/* End of reserve area. */

  /* The following fields are used to support backing up and undo. */
  char *_IO_save_base; /* Pointer to start of non-current get area. */
  char *_IO_backup_base;  /* Pointer to first valid character of backup area */
  char *_IO_save_end; /* Pointer to end of non-current get area. */

  struct _IO_marker *_markers;

  struct _IO_FILE *_chain;

  int _fileno;
  int _flags2;
  __off_t _old_offset; /* This used to be _offset but it's too small.  */

  /* 1+column number of pbase(); 0 is unknown. */
  unsigned short _cur_column;
  signed char _vtable_offset;
  char _shortbuf[1];

  _IO_lock_t *_lock;
#ifdef _IO_USE_OLD_IO_FILE
};

_IO_lock_t

全部为0意味着没有锁,可以使用,一般篡改结构的时候,改为一个指向0的指针即可

typedef struct { int lock; int cnt; void *owner; } _IO_lock_t;

_IO_wide_data

用于宽字节数据的FILE结构,类似house of apple的利用技巧会用到这个结构伪造_wide_vtable

/* Extra data for wide character streams.  */
struct _IO_wide_data
{
  wchar_t *_IO_read_ptr;	/* Current read pointer */
  wchar_t *_IO_read_end;	/* End of get area. */
  wchar_t *_IO_read_base;	/* Start of putback+get area. */
  wchar_t *_IO_write_base;	/* Start of put area. */
  wchar_t *_IO_write_ptr;	/* Current put pointer. */
  wchar_t *_IO_write_end;	/* End of put area. */
  wchar_t *_IO_buf_base;	/* Start of reserve area. */
  wchar_t *_IO_buf_end;		/* End of reserve area. */
  /* The following fields are used to support backing up and undo. */
  wchar_t *_IO_save_base;	/* Pointer to start of non-current get area. */
  wchar_t *_IO_backup_base;	/* Pointer to first valid character of
				   backup area */
  wchar_t *_IO_save_end;	/* Pointer to end of non-current get area. */

  __mbstate_t _IO_state;
  __mbstate_t _IO_last_state;
  struct _IO_codecvt _codecvt;

  wchar_t _shortbuf[1];

  const struct _IO_jump_t *_wide_vtable;
};

_IO_jump_t

虚函数表,很多堆文件的操作都是调用的这里的函数指针

struct _IO_jump_t
{
    JUMP_FIELD(size_t, __dummy);
    JUMP_FIELD(size_t, __dummy2);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_finish_t, __finish);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_overflow_t, __overflow);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_underflow_t, __underflow);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_underflow_t, __uflow);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_pbackfail_t, __pbackfail);
    /* showmany */
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_xsputn_t, __xsputn);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_xsgetn_t, __xsgetn);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_seekoff_t, __seekoff);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_seekpos_t, __seekpos);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_setbuf_t, __setbuf);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_sync_t, __sync);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_doallocate_t, __doallocate);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_read_t, __read);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_write_t, __write);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_seek_t, __seek);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_close_t, __close);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_stat_t, __stat);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_showmanyc_t, __showmanyc);
    JUMP_FIELD(_IO_imbue_t, __imbue);
};

参考资料


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